Air quality: an operative model to fight air pollution emergency

Operative models integrating emissions and meteorological  data to fight against air pollution. That’s what the project MINNI is all about.

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Operative models integrating emissions and meteorological  data to fight against air pollution. That’s what the project MINNI is all about.

ProduttoreENEAChannel
Autori
  • S, Marconi,
  • R. De Ritis,
  • L. Falera (translation)
Data17/03/2016
LinguaEnglish

Descrizione completa

Operative models integrating emissions and meteorological  data to fight against air pollution. That’s what the project MINNI is all about.

MINNI (Integrated National Model in Support to the International Negotiation on Air Pollution),developed by ENEA for the Ministry of the ...

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Operative models integrating emissions and meteorological  data to fight against air pollution. That’s what the project MINNI is all about.

MINNI (Integrated National Model in Support to the International Negotiation on Air Pollution),developed by ENEA for the Ministry of the Environment, simulates the behavior of the atmosphere with the aim of creating  hourly maps of pollutants concentrations, particularly of the notorious fine dusts. It’s thus possible to assess the effectiveness and costs of anti-pollution measures and their impact on the health, the environment and the artistic heritage.

Gabriele Zanini (ENEA) "MINNI is a powerful tool for understanding the nature of air pollution, why it occurs and when it will occur again. But that’s not all. It also indicates solutions and their costs. It indicates, for instance, that significant investments in the agricultural sector for ammonia emission reduction could bring about a reduction of air particulate matter in the Pianura Padana as well".

That the use of biomass for domestic heating purposes it’s possible only with new generation stoves and particulate filters and that it’s necessary to upgrade the energy efficiency of the existing building stock in order to reduce fossil fuel consumption.

As for the transport sector, the use of less polluting vehicles is certainly important, but even more so is to decrease the number of circulating cars and make a modal shift from road towards rail transportation of both goods and people.

In Italy potentially 1095 years of life every 100thousand inhabitants are lost as a result of air pollution. That is to say an average of four days of life lost per person.

Luisella Ciancarella (ENEA) "If by taking 2005 as a base year the number of deaths due to PM2.5 air pollution in Italy is approximately 34.500, the projected reduction in the  absence of specific policies is 17%, while 32 to 33% of deaths could be prevented by making compliance to the European regulation mandatory".

 

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